Castration – advantages and benefits

What is castration

Castration is a routine surgical intervention, during which the reproductive organs of the animal are removed. With males the testicles are removed, while with females – the two ovaries and the uterus. The operation takes place under general anaesthesia. Pets are castrated not only to avoid unwanted birth, but also to prevent a multitude of illnesses.

Important! Animals do not suffer from the loss of their sexual identity, they do not think like us and do not feel discomfort from the inability to reproduce. It is wrong for us to credit animals with human feelings.

Why should I castrate my pet? Benefits from castration

1. To avoid problems with unwanted bregnancy and all other complications which can be connected with it, as well as to avoid the necessity of finding the right home for the offspring.

2. Through castration we protect our pet from many illnesses:

– Associated with the prostate
– Urinary and reproductive systems
– Mammary gland tumors
– Uterus and ovary tumors
– Pyometra
– Diabetes
– Hormonal anemia
– Pseudopregnancy
– Hormonal skin illnesses
– Unwanted behavior (aggression, etc.)

We insist on emphasizing that early castration, before the first oestrum, leads to a negligible risk (around 0,5% of castrated animals) of development of mammary gland tumours. Just one oestrum increases the risk to 23%, or 40 times! The reason for this are the high levels of estrogen, which is secreted during the oestrum. One of the frequent operation are namely those which remove mammary gland tumours. The surgical removal not always solves the problem – 90% of tumours with cats and 60% of tumours with dogs are malignant and could lead to fatal metastases in vital organs.

3. It is especially important to castrate male animals which are cryptorchid (one or both testicles are located in the abdominal cavity or in the invaginal cannals) because very often the retained testicle degenerates into a cancerous tissue.

4. It is proven that castrated animals live for about 1.5 to 3 years more than the uncastrated ones.

5. Owners of castrated animals are exempted from the annual tax by the Law of district taxes and fees.

6. You assist in limiting the population of the already too many homeless pets.

7. Through castration you avoid the very characteristic aggressive behavior during oestrum, fight between male dogs for a female, loss, car hits due to run-away animals.

8. All hormonal problems disappear and the owners don’t suffer from howling and miaowing during the nights, territory marking by urinating disappears from carpets, wallpapers and furniture.

9. Sterilised animals are more calm, less aggressive, anxious behavior is not evident with them as well as the tendency to run away. Animals become more obedient and manageable.

10. When the so called irritable aggression with females is connected with hormonal imbalances, false pregnancy and irritation, caused by the very oestrum, it is completely eliminated through castration. The continuous intake of pills against oestrum leads to the formation of tumours of the mammary gland, hormonal problems and inflammations of the uterus and ovaries.

What’s the right age to do it. Preparation.

1. The most suitable time for castration of females is before their first oestrum, or around the age of 6 months, while for males, castration can be done around the age of 7-8 months.

2. Preparation for castration – it is required that the animals does not consume any food 8 to 12 hours before the operation and no water 4 to 6 hours before the operation.

3. After the operation the animal recovers for around 10 days, depending on what catguts were used for the procedure. The animal should not be allowed to lick the operated area and cause tearing of the catguts. For this purpose wearing a post operational collar is possible. After removing the catguts there are no further special measures required.

Myths and fallacies about castration

1. Effect on the overall temperament. Many owners are worried that the dog will lose its vitality, playfulness and temperament. On the contrary, temperament and playfulness will not be affected by castration. Your pet will not be less playful or emotional.

2. Effect on the body weight. It is a common statement that castrated animals increase their weight. The truth is what affects this is the food with which it is fed and the lack of walks, which are not direct consequences from the operation. There are also special types of higher class foods, made especially for animals undergone sterilisation.

3. If I castrate my dog, it won’t guard. Castration does not affect the inborn instincts of the dog to protect the family and/or its entrusted territory. Those instincts are inbuilt on a genetical level and are not affected by gender hormones. Don’t mistake aggression, especially during the mating season, with guarding territory.

4. My dog needs to give birth at least once – for the health. From a medical point of view it is exactly the opposite – the earlier you castrate your pet, the healthier it will be.

5. The effect on the inappropriate urination and defecation. Dogs and cats can urinate or defecate in undesired places in your home, which could be due to marking of territory, anxiety or to demonstrate sexual maturity. Because this behaviour is only party under hormonal control, male or female animals can begin to urinate and defecate in undesired places even after castration.

6. I will find a good home for the babies. You can never be sure in this, it’s enough to look out the window. The first homeless dog or cat was a domestic one, turned out of its home. You can be a responsible owner but you can never be sure that the candidates for your puppies will be the same and will provide the right care for them. They are very often doomed to spend their lives on a chain or leash getting bread once a week. Creating home-bred offspring you deprive the thousands of waiting and dying in shelters animals of a chance. They are there because of our irresponsibility.

Free castrations by city

One of the ways to get everyone to assist in the quick managing of the population of homeless pets is by castrating the dogs and cats which we tends to on the street, in the park or in front of our homes.

In Sofia

Shelter in Gorni Bogrov, managed by Animal Rescue Sofia
For contacts:, address: 23 Dj. Baucher Boulevard, 1164 Sofia
For appointments for free castrations from 9am to 5pm (Monday ot Friday) tel. 02/4837015
For castrations on Saturday and Sunday only after preliminary appointments during the week

“German-Bulgarian help for homeless pets” – shelter Hope, Hladilnika tel. 02/9624219 ; 0885 943128

German castration centre – Studentski Grad – WMF on WLTU 02/9621767

Low price castrations – Sofia:

D-r Nadezhda Zlateva, Redute h-e, 21 Ilarion Dragostinov Street, tel. 8704464, mobile 0888 934509

D-r Dimo Dimov, Strelbishte h-e, 113 A Nishava Street, tel. 9588130, mobile 0888418898

ITA VET Clinic, Lozenets h-e, 14 Lozenska Planina Street, tel 9632965, 0888 710785, 0888 586162

D-r Bobadova, 125 Kniaz Boris 1 Street, tel. 029298029, mobile 0896 604835

Rest of the country:

Association “German-Bulgarian help for homeless pets” castrates for free in its shelters in Dobrich (tel. 058/601331, Shumen (tel. 054/8669340 and Ruse (tel. 082841281)